Missionaries in Hawai’i | More Attacks on ICWA | Is Tulsa Indian Country? | MMIWG epidemic

Sending you all a big thanks for reading this news roundup and Happy Turkey “Big Food” Day tomorrow… Lara/Trace

An Exhibition Critically Explores the History of Missionaries in Hawai’i

WILLIAMSTOWN, Mass. — In August 1806, five students on the campus of Williams College took refuge from a sudden thunderstorm beside a haystack and vowed to commit themselves to spreading the Gospel around the world.  This is Ground Zero of the American overseas missionary movement.

For many people, this moment marked the start of an outpouring of generosity and benevolence that saved souls and brought distant lands into the modern world.  Only recently has another narrative been recognized — one of shameless spiritual imperialism that trampled native cultures and eventually devolved into explicit political and economic oppression.

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The unexpectedly deep connection between the college in Williamstown and the Pacific islands, 5,000 miles away, is outlined with an extensive timeline along a wall, which highlights what was happening in each place. It mentions figures such as Sanford B. Dole, the son of missionaries who came to Williams in the 1860s, where he and other missionary descendants called themselves “the Cannibals,” and were active in the Lyceum.  Dole and two others from that group would help draft the “Bayonet Constitution” of 1887, which accelerated the process of undermining native Hawaiian leadership. When the monarchy was overthrown in 1893, Dole would serve as the Republic’s first president, until completing the handover to American power a few years later.

READ: An Exhibition Critically Explores the History of Missionaries in Hawai’i


The Indian Child Welfare Act is vital to our continued survival. (There has been much written on this blog about ICWA and the book series Lost Children)

BIG READ: Why conservatives are attacking a law meant to protect Native American families – The Washington Post


How can that be? In 1832, President Andrew Jackson pushed through the policy of “removal” of Indian nations from the eastern U.S., which destroyed the historic land base of the “civilized tribes.”  He promised the tribes new land in the West to be theirs “as long as the grass grows or the water runs, in peace and plenty.”  After the Trail of Tears, the U.S. signed a treaty that “solemnly guarantied” the new reservation lands in what is now Oklahoma. Many tribes elsewhere have found to their regret that Congress is permitted to decide that the grass ain’t growing any more. It can abrogate some or all treaty obligations—and even “terminate” a tribe altogether. But case law says there is a “clear statement” rule: If Congress wants to end a reservation, it has to say so.

READ: Supreme Court Must Decide If Tulsa Is ‘Indian Country’ – The Atlantic


Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women & Girls (MMIWG)

U.S. Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) highlighted the report in a press event in Washington, DC, this week where she talked about the importance of addressing the MMIWG epidemic. Murkowski was joined by U.S. senators Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND), Patty Murray (D-WA), Maria Cantwell (D-WA), Jon Tester (D-MT), Representative Gwen Moore (D-WI 4th District), and Juana Majel-Dixon (Pauma Band of Mission Indians), Executive Board Member and Recording Secretary of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI). The UIHI report identified the state of Alaska as the fourth-leading state for number of cases of MMIWG. Also, in the top ten states are New Mexico, Washington, Arizona, Montana, California, Nebraska, Utah, Minnesota and Oklahoma.

NEWS: New Report Identifies 506 Urban Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women & girls – Native News Online


Mental Midgets | Musqonocihte: “…it’s a miracle we’ve survived this far…”

How is that for a book title? I just published a “short” book – I call it short because our attention spans are short… 🙂 LINK

Blog Bonus| Red Nation Film Festival 2017 – Native American Films

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14th Red Nation Film Festival The Authentic Voice of American Indian & Indigenous Cinema Los Angeles. Nov. 8-19

GET TICKETS: Red Nation Film Festival – Native American Films


Los Angeles Orphans Asylums

ca 1900s view of the los angeles orphan asylum in boyle heights

(ca. 1900)* – The Los Angeles Orphanage at 917 South Boyle Avenue, southwest corner of Boyle Avenue at Stephenson Avenue (now Whittier Boulevard) in Boyle Heights. The orphanage is a five-story, brick, L-shaped building with dormer windows on the facade and a tower at the entrance that is flanked by newly-planted date palm trees. Steps lead to an arched entryway at the bottom of the tower. Several chimneys sit atop the roof.

The girl’s orphange and school was established in 1856 by six Sisters of Charity nuns from Emmitsburg, Maryland, the motherhouse in the United States. They selected a house with vineyard and orchard belonging to B. D. Wilson for $8,000. This gave the orphanage an income from wine grapes and a supply of fresh fruits and vegetables. The 917 South Boyle Avenue site opened in 1890 on twelve acres and remained open until it was condemned in 1953 and the orphanage moved to Rosemead.*

For over sixty years the facility served thousands of orphaned children in Los Angeles. Concerns over structural integrity came about in the early 1930s when construction crews blasting the hillside next to the asylum for the extension of Sixth Street weakened the massive structure’s foundations. While the building was used for classes during the day, children and staff slept at the basement at St. Vincent’s Hospital in the evenings.

The damage to the building, as well as the notorious freeway construction projects that controversially carved through much of Boyle Heights, led the Daughters to abandon the site and move the facility to Rosemead in the San Gabriel Valley. From 1953, the facility has operated as Maryvale, but has been reconfigured as a residential home for girls from ages six to seventeen. There are also adjunct facilities in El Monte and Duarte.

More on California history: HERE

Think about what we don’t know


FYI: Lynette Mullen is a local freelance writer and project manager. A chance discovery of court records from 1862 ignited her passion for history; learning about the indenture of Native Americans in California during the gold rush further fueled this interest. She is honored to be able to share this information with the TedX audience.

I read Colorado students and teachers are protesting now that history curriculum is rife with errors, inaccuracies, not teaching America’s own atrocity. If we don’t teach truth and history, we are doomed to repeat it… Lara

Princess Alayban to face charges of human trafficking

Dear Readers,

The case of Saudi Princess Meshael Alayban, accused of human trafficking in the U.S., has caused a stir throughout the world. But do you know how the story was uncovered?

A few weeks ago, the victim, identified as ‘Jane Doe,’ escaped Alayban’s home where she alleges she was forced to work 16 hours a day, 7 days a week; her passport held by Alayban to prevent escape. Jane Doe then flagged down a bus, explained her situation to another passenger who helped her phone police. When the police went to investigate, they found four other women at the home claiming to be in the same situation1.

Modern slavery is a crime that survives hidden from the view of the public, but occasionally, it’s there, right in front of us. It could happen overtly – a woman escaping a home in which she was trapped or a boy summoning the courage to trust a stranger – or a more subtle scene in an airport where something just doesn’t look right. The bottom line is, at any moment, a person trapped in the nightmare of modern slavery could be trying to get our attention and we all need to be ready to help.

Hours ago, Princess Alayban was supposed to face charges of human trafficking in a California court but didn’t show up. Annoyed, the judge moved her court date.
Send a message of solidarity that we all stand with the passenger on the bus who took action to protect another by ensuring millions of people know how to spot a problem AND what to do.

Are you ready to help?

Already, the media is focused on the case and its possible outcomes. But one person is getting less coverage – the passenger on the bus that connected ‘Jane Doe’ to the help she needed.

Awareness of telltale signs and potential situations of modern slavery is something everyone should have – how amazing would it be if everyone could recognise a potential case of modern slavery, and know what to do to speak up?
Click here to SHARE important tips for how to recognise a potential modern slavery problem with everyone you know on Facebook.

In the last week, Walk Free became a community of 3 million activists. If we all share this image, we have the power to reach hundreds of millions of people in all parts of the world. Imagine all those extra eyes on the job.

This is the generation we’re going to end modern slavery – once and for all.

Thank you in advance for your help,

Debra, Kate, Mich, Jess, Ryan, Amy, Nick and the Walk Free team

1 More information here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-23282168, http://edition.cnn.com/2013/07/11/justice/california-saudi-princess-charged
Walk Free is a movement of people everywhere, fighting to end one of the world’s greatest evils: Modern slavery.

© 2013 WalkFree.org | All rights reserved | www.walkfree.org

Haters Gonna Hate, As Shown On A Map

by  June 01, 2013

Note: This post contains strong language, including racial and ethnic slurs.

Geography professor Monica Stephens has spent a lot of time putting haters on the map. Over at Humboldt State University in California where she is a professor, Stephens and a team of undergraduate students spent a year sorting through racial slurs on Twitter by location. And then she mapped them.

That meant searching for words like “nigger” and “fag” and “honkey.” Stephens had a team of undergraduate students who sifted through 150,000 negative tweets.

Then Stephens’ students went through about 90,000 tweets that used the N word to determine if they were actually negative, she told Tell Me More host Michel Martin. And it turns out, people who tweeted the N word were concentrated in certain areas.

“It tends to be in smaller towns, particularly in the Midwest, the Rust Belt area, more so than the South. But it was also quite present in Georgia and Alabama as well,” Stephens said.

Another interesting finding came from Texas. Stephens writes:

Perhaps the most interesting concentration comes for references to ‘wetback,’ a slur meant to degrade Latino immigrants to the U.S. by tying them to ‘illegal’ immigration. Ultimately, this term is used most in different areas of Texas, showing the state’s centrality to debates about immigration in the U.S. But the areas with significant concentrations aren’t necessarily that close to the border, and neither do other border states who feature prominently in debates about immigration contain significant concentrations.

Stephens said that she and her researchers are still examining conclusions from their findings, but are interested in looking at tweets from small towns.

“Perhaps these are places that have experienced large amounts of job loss over recent years,” Stephens told Martin.

But the map wasn’t without criticism. In an FAQ aimed at negative feedback her research received, Stephens argues, among other things, that the spatial distributions on the map don’t just reflect population density.

Take California, for instance. “The fact that there is so little activity on the map in California — home to an eighth of the entire U.S. population … — should be a clue that something else besides population is at work in explaining these distributions,” she wrote.

And Stephens said she also received criticism from white men who felt they were being discriminated against by not being included in the map. But Stephens did try to include white men.

“We also looked at words like honky, cracker and gringo. But actually those weren’t necessarily used in a negative way very often,” Stephens said on Tell Me More. “Particularly the word ‘honky,’ which often is referring to honky-tonk music and honky-tonk bars and people were using it in a very, very positive context.”

The term “redneck,” seemed like it could be another potential offender.

“A lot of [references] weren’t really negative toward rednecks,” Stephens said. “And they were also generally leveraged by people of the same group.”

And it turns out, many of the slurs were used by members of the group in question.

Valley Fever?

Coccidioidomycosis (Photo credit: Pulmonary Pathology)

If you haven’t heard of valley fever, you’re not alone. Although cases in states like California are rising, public awareness is low and misdiagnoses from doctors are sadly high. The AP reported an 850 percent spike in cases across the country from 1998 to 2011, with California and Arizona being the worst states.

“The fever has hit California’s agricultural heartland particularly hard in recent years, with incidence dramatically increasing in 2010 and 2011,” wrote the AP’s Gosia Wozniacka. “The disease — which is prevalent in arid regions of the United States, Mexico, Central and South America — can be contracted by simply breathing in fungus-laced spores from dust disturbed by wind as well as human or animal activity.”

Why have things gotten so bad? “The fungus is sensitive to environmental changes, experts say, and a hotter, drier climate has increased dust carrying the spores,” wrote Wozniacka.

Valley fever can have a host of symptoms and is painful, debilitating and sometimes deadly. It sometimes starts with flu-like symptoms but “the infection can spread from the lungs to the brain, bones, skin, even eyes, leading to blindness, skin abscesses, lung failure, even death,” reported Wozniacka.

One of the groups most at risk are prison inmates. “Prisoners are vulnerable both because they are more likely to have chronic diseases like HIV and diabetes, and because they are often coming from outside the geographic area and have not developed immunity to the fungus,” wrote Tracy Wood from the Voice of OC for the Reporting on Health Collaborative. 

This reminds me of a story I wrote years ago about a new disease called BLASTO-mycosis – I am going to google it and share soon! Trace

 READ MORE HERE: http://www.alternet.org/environment/climate-change-fueling-deadly-disease-california-and-other-parched-states?akid=10427.116590.e6WpBh&rd=1&src=newsletter839254&t=3

SYMPTOMS: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/valley-fever/DS00695/DSECTION=symptoms

NPR REPORT: http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/05/13/181880987/cases-of-mysterious-valley-fever-rise-in-american-southwest?ft=1&f=3


Elizabeth Smart Speaks About Overcoming Trauma
Elizabeth Smart Speaks About Overcoming Trauma (Photo credit: KOMUnews)

Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight, who have been rescued from a home in Cleveland after a decade in captivity, are not the first American kidnap victims to be found safe long after their abduction. The headlines about their release:  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2320519/Amanda-Berry-Gina-DeJesus-Michelle-Knight-Cleveland-Girls-tied-basement-TEN-YEARS-escaping-3-brothers-arrested.html

Jaycee Lee Dugard‘s case is perhaps the most extreme of all – she was missing for 18 years after being kidnapped aged 11, and bore two daughters to her captor. The girl was abducted on her way to school by Phillip Garrido South Lake Tahoe, California in June 1991. Her identity was revealed when he behaved erratically in public, attracting police attention.

Elizabeth Smart was another high-profile kidnap victim who was eventually rescued after she spent nine months in captivity. She was taken from her bedroom in Salt Lake City, Utah in June 2002, aged 14 – the abduction was witnessed by her sister Mary Katherine, who shared the room.

Danielle Cramer, who was discovered in June 2007 after being missing for almost a year, was another kidnap victim. Adam Gault and Ann Murphy hid her at their home in West Bloomfield, Connecticut after she ran away from her family. She was found locked in a small space under a staircase, but police later suggested that she could have plotted with her kidnappers.

Shawn Hornbeck, from Richwoods, Missouri, was missing for more than four years, from October 2002 to January 2007. He was abducted aged 11 by paedophile Michael J. Devlin while riding his bicycle, and held at the kidnapper’s home nearby. Devlin tortured him until he agreed to do anything he asked, then used the boy for his own sexual pleasure over the following years.

An earlier high-profile kidnapping was that of Steven Stayner, kidnapped in Merced, California at the age of seven in 1972 and found in March 1980. Kenneth Parnell pretended to be the boy’s father and enrolled him in school, but was secretly molesting him and convinced him he had been abandoned by his parents. When Steven escaped aged 14, he also managed to rescue another victim of Parnell, five-year-old Timmy White.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2320519/Amanda-Berry-Gina-DeJesus-Michelle-Knight-Cleveland-Girls-tied-basement-TEN-YEARS-escaping-3-brothers-arrested.html#ixzz2Sbm3Jr7j
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Forced Sterilizations, Racist Terror, and the Native American Uprising of 1972-1973

by Steven Argue (Feb 3rd, 2013)

[Photo: Native American rancher, Raymond Yellow Thunder, in 1972 was attacked by racists, stripped from the waste down, and forced into an American Legion bar where people made fun of him, forced him to dance, and put cigarettes out on him.  Raymond was then taken out back, beaten nearly to his death, and stuffed into the trunk of a car where he died.  Before AIM became involved, two of the white murderers of Raymond Yellow Thunder, Melvin and Leslie Hare, were charged with assault and battery and released without even needing to pay bail.]

For Native American Liberation through Socialist Revolution!
(Part 1) Forced Sterilizations, Racist Terror, and the Native American Uprising of 1972-1973
By Steven Argue
Currently, there are roughly 5.2 million Native Americans in the United States.  From the beginnings of European colonization they have suffered genocide and theft of land.  On the small tracts of land left to Native Americans they suffer 70% unemployment.  One out of every four Native Americans is officially living in poverty.  29.9% of Native Americans have no health insurance.  Many Native Americans on reservations still lack running water and electricity.  Native Americans are three times more likely to be homeless than are non-Natives.  Life expectancy for Native Americans in South Dakota is 65.99 years while it is 80.79 years for whites in the same state.  Native American infant mortality is nearly double what it is for whites, with Native American infants 1.7 times more likely to die than white infants in their first year of life.
Poverty and neglect is common on reservations.  For instance, on the Pine Ridge Reservation of South Dakota median income is $2,600 to $3,400 a year, unemployment is 83-85%, 97% of people are below the federal poverty line, housing is of poor quality and scarce, and there is a lack of commercial infrastructure, technology, and industry to provide any income.  Life expectancy on the reservation is 48 years for men and 54 years for women.  Radioactive contamination from uranium mining is blamed for an epidemic of cancers and miscarriages on the reservation.
Native Americans are also subjected to environmental racism and, as a result, suffer increased cancers and other problems inflicted on their economy, health, and environment.  For instance, in 1997 the Clinton / Gore administration abandoned 1993 rules directed at controlling paper mill dioxin pollutants.  That dioxin is being dumped into rivers where contaminated fish are eaten by Native American residents of reservations.  Radiation is also a problem.  For instance, Navajo, Ogallala Lakota, Nez Perce, Hopi, South Piute, Spokane, Western Shoshone, Yakima, Colville, Coeur d’Alene, Kalispell, Umatilla, Klickitat, and Cherokee reservation lands and waters have all been horribly contaminated by uranium tailings and other nuclear wastes.  For example, radioactive waste was disposed of across the ground on Cherokee land, supposedly as fertilizer.
In 1973, when traditional Indians of the Pine Ridge Reservation and the American Indian Movement (AIM) occupied the town of Wounded Knee, all of these conditions existed, and much worse.  Native American women suffered rampant forced sterilization by the government.  Native children were sent to boarding schools where they suffered many injustices, including beatings for speaking their native languages.  In addition to being subjected to continued genocide, Native Americans were among those being drafted and commanded to carry out the American War in Vietnam.  Violence against Natives in the United States, including rape and murder, was so prevalent in some areas that Natives avoided even driving through certain towns.  In addition, in the movies, the hero John Wayne murdered Indians while racist stereotypes prevailed.   While the struggle for the rights of Native Americans is far from complete, the heroic struggles of AIM members and allies helped remedy some of these problems.
Today AIM has been splintered and nearly destroyed through a combination of FBI sponsored death squad murders, police violence, FBI violence, frame-ups, infiltration, disruption, and a tactic known as “snitch jacketing”, where FBI infiltrators create animosity, distrust, and violence by accusing loyal members of being FBI.  From that violence, and still existing infiltrators, the FBI has done much to destroy the unity and reputation of AIM.  Before considering such accusations, one must become familiar with AIM’s accomplishments and the murderous enemy they were up against.
AIM’s Exposure of Forced Sterilization
One of AIM’s first big successes was in exposing the U.S. government’s genocidal policy of forced sterilization.  Documentation of the policy was discovered and exposed by AIM when they occupied and trashed the Washington headquarters of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) for a week in 1972.  The sterilizations were carried out with federal funding by the Indian Health Service (IHS) through coercion or without the knowledge or consent of the victims.  As documents revealed, this forced sterilization program was carried out by the IHS under the leadership of the BIA.
Sterilizations would be carried out without consent while performing other procedures, like appendectomies, or, in other cases, women would be falsely convinced of the need for hysterectomies.  In other cases, coercion was used, with healthcare professionals demanding sterilizations in return for future health care needs or keeping their children.  Women were lied to in other ways as well, like being convinced that hysterectomies were reversible.  Full blooded Indians were particularly targeted.
A 1974 study found that 42% of Native American women of child bearing age had been sterilized.  And, not surprisingly, the Bureau of Census Reports documented a steep decline in Native American births between 1960 and 1980.
Native American women were not the only victims.  Similar government programs have been uncovered that targeted Blacks, Latinas, and the poor in a number of states, including 20,000 women who were sterilized in the state of California.  The United States carried out similar programs internationally.  For instance, the Peace Corps carried out sterilizations of Quechua Indian women in Bolivia without their knowledge or consent.  In Peru, the brutal U.S. backed government of Alberto Fujimori carried out 300,000 forced sterilizations of Quechua women between 1996 and 2000.
In 1975 the U.S. Congress, for the first time, passed laws making the use of federal funds in carrying out forced sterilizations and forced abortions illegal.  In 1976, the U.S. government, through the General Accounting Office, admitted to a policy of forced sterilization directed at Native American women.  In 1988, the U.S. government, for the first time, adopted the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide which prohibits “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, such as…imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group…”
Many people think that eugenics fell out of favor in the United States after Adolf Hitler’s infamous go at it, but the practice was alive and well in the United States up until at least the mid-1970s.  AIM’s exposure of these crimes, found out through occupying enemy territory at BIA headquarters in 1972, was a first step towards the apparent elimination of the policy in the United States.
Racist Terror, Government Impunity
In 1972, Native American rancher, Raymond Yellow Thunder, was attacked by racists, stripped from the waste down, and forced into an American Legion bar where people made fun of him, forced him to dance, and put cigarettes out on him.  Raymond was then taken out back, beaten nearly to his death, and stuffed into the trunk of a car where he died.  Before AIM became involved, two of the white murderers of Raymond Yellow Thunder, Melvin and Leslie Hare, were charged with assault and battery and released without bail.
This was par for the course in South Dakota where, despite murderous violence against Native Americans being common, no white had ever been convicted for murdering a Native American in South Dakota’s entire history.  Whites faced the same impunity for their racist terror against Native Americans in South Dakota as occurred against Blacks in the South.  In South Dakota, racists freely kept signs up on their bars, stores and restaurants saying, “No Dogs or Indians Allowed”.  The capitalist state was allowing the same kind of racist terror as had occurred in the south under the semi-fascist rule of KKK death squads working with local police, courts, and the Democrat Party.
Protesting for justice for Raymond Yellow Thunder, 4,000 Native Americans marched on the town of Porcupine and took it over for four days. After AIM protests, criminal charges were upped from the meaningless charges of “assault and battery” to three people being charged with second-degree manslaughter and a fourth charged with false imprisonment. The Hare brothers were convicted and sentenced to a year in prison.  For the first time in South Dakota’s history, whites did time for murdering a Native American.
While a year’s sentence is obviously insufficient for kidnapping, torture, and murder, this punishment by the U.S. government marked the end of a 200 year open season on the lives of Native Americans.  The last time there had been any justice for the murder of Native Americans in South Dakota was in 1876 when warriors of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho nations, led by Crazy Horse, defeated Custer’s forces at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.  Custer was killed along with 267 of the Indian murdering soldiers under his command.  Custer and his forces were involved in an ongoing genocide against Native Americans.  This included Custer’s attack on a Cheyenne village on the Washita River on November 27, 1868 where Custer’s forces slaughtered 100 Cheyenne men, women, and children, burned their village, and slaughtered 800 horses.  At the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Custer had it coming.
Part of the reason Crazy Horse brought a unified force of Native Americans together against the U.S. military was the fact that he could see what was coming for the future of Plains Indians as a stream of devastated Native American refugees flowed into the Dakotas from Minnesota.  In Minnesota it was open season on Native Americans.  Mass murder included the hanging of 38 Native Americans in Mankato, Minnesota on December 26, 1862.  It was the biggest mass hanging in U.S. history.  Abraham Lincoln actually gave it his official OK.
This author grew-up in Minnesota.  I was taught in elementary school that there had only been one hanging in Minnesota’s history, the hanging of a woman, and it was botched.  Minnesota patriotism was instilled in us as we were taught that this was why Minnesotans got upset with the death penalty early on and abolished it.  As usual, America’s propagandistic history treated Native Americans as non-people, and by the way it was written, the Mankato mass hanging of 38 people never happened.
In 1973, of all places, a town named Custer, South Dakota became the next horrific ground zero in the struggle against racist murder.  The incident started at Buffalo Gap, South Dakota when a 22 year-old Native American, Wesley Bad Heart Bull, tried to order a drink at a bar.  For this “crime”, the whites in the bar dragged him out and beat him.  One person involved, a white businessman named Darold Schmidt, said, “I’m going to kill an Indian” before he stabbed and killed Wesley Bad Heart Bull.  Despite witnesses to this premeditated murder, Schmidt was charged with second degree manslaughter and released on a $5000 bond.
Wesley’s mother, Sarah Bad Heart Bull, called in AIM.  A court hearing on the case was being held in Custer and AIM brought 200 people.  All but four of the people supporting Wesley were denied entrance to the court by cops in full riot gear.  Cops attacked protesters, Native Americans fought back, grabbing the swinging night sticks from the cops and giving back what the cops had attempted to deliver.  Fed up with the racist police violence and lack of justice, people ran to a gas station where they got gasoline to make Molotov cocktails.  With these they burned down the courthouse, chamber of commerce, and two police cars causing $2 million dollars in damage.
Darold Schmidt pleaded guilty to Second Degree Involuntary Manslaughter and served one day in jail.  For trying to enter the courthouse, Sarah Bad Heart Bull, was struck by police in the face with a baton and she served a five month sentence on a charge of assaulting an officer.  AIM leaders Dennis Banks and Russell Means were convicted on charges of inciting a riot.  In reality, it was a brutal and racist system that incited that riot.
It was the audacious action in Custer, combined with festering anger over a multitude of injustices that helped serve as an inspiration for the next action, the 73 day armed occupation of the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
Today, as the propaganda campaign has intensified against everything done by AIM, including Wounded Knee, it is important to review the gains Native American people made, in large part as a result of the sacrifices made at Wounded Knee.   Wounded Knee woke many Native Americans up to a struggle for their own survival, woke the majority of Americans to the continued existence of Native Americans as an oppressed people who deserved support, and put the U.S. government in a position of desiring those sorts of situations to go away, granted, partly through the brutal repression that took place, but also through granting concessions.
Don’t miss the next parts of this series,  (Part 2) The Historic Gains of the Wounded Knee Occupation by subscribing free to Liberation News https://lists.riseup.net/www/info/liberation_news
The author of this article is a member of the Revolutionary Tendency, join our discussions on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/groups/RevolutionaryTendency/


Katie Couric show: We are all affected by human trafficking


A crime that amounts to modern day slavery

Aired: Jan. 14, 2013

Read more here: http://www.katiecouric.com/on-the-show/2013/01/14/jada-pinkett-smith-and-the-war-on-human-trafficking/

Although it’s been 150 years since the Emancipation Proclamation was signed, slavery still exists… maybe even in your neighborhood. Worldwide, more than 20 million men, women and children of all colors and walks of life end up victims of human trafficking rings, forced into sex, or forced to do tough jobs for little or no money.

Jada Pinkett Smith is a tireless advocate for victims of human trafficking, and has made it her mission to end the exploitation of these women and young children.

“A woman should have complete control over her body.” -Jada Pinkett Smith

Minh Dang is a young woman from outside of San Jose, California, who hid a terrible secret for years. At just 10-years-old, Minh was sold into sex slavery by her very own parents.

“I was taught that this was my burden, my crime.” -Minh Dang

Right here in America, victims as young as 12-years-old are forced into prostitution. One of them is Angie, a teenager from Wichita, Kansas. After Angie and two friends ran away from home, they were befriended by an older man who threatened them and coerced them into selling their bodies so he could profit. Her story was told in the documentary, “Not My Life.”  (http://www.notmylifestore.com/)

“You have these predators who understand how to play on those needs.” -Jada Pinkett Smith

After growing up with a difficult home life, Asia Graves of Washington, D.C. had no choice but to turn to a pimp for survival on the streets. She is lucky to be alive today. Now, Asia is an advocate for other victims of sex trafficking, working with Andrea Powell, the founder of Fair Girls, a non-profit that helps young women escape their pimps and find another way of life.

“My own family told me that this was my fault.” -Asia Graves
  In the U.S., there are also millions of people forced into labor, working grueling hours in sweatshops, factories and homes for little or no money whatsoever. Like many victims of labor trafficking, Ima Matul came to this country from Indonesia when she was 17-years-old and was hired as a nanny in Los Angeles.

“I was physically and verbally abused almost every day.” -Ima Matul

“I didn’t know how to call 911” strong survivor .@CASTLA shines light on plight of victims in America. .@katiecouric

What can we do about the problem of human trafficking? Justin Dillon is a Los Angeles, CA native and the CEO and founder of Made in a Free World, a non-profit committed to generating awareness about human trafficking and modern day slavery. Ambassador Luis CdeBaca is the point person to President Obama on human trafficking and serves as a senior adviser to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on this issue.

“It’s not enough just to say, ‘Well I’m not going to go to prostitutes.’”

@katiecouric thank you for talking about modern day slavery! We are ALL affected by human trafficking & we need to be aware of these crimes

Do you know how many everyday products you use that are made by slaves? Justin Dillon demonstrates the kinds of products that increase our slavery footprint.

“Having zero tolerance isn’t enough.” -Justin Dillon

Oakland Effect: Child sex slavery — a horrible truth


By Scott Johnson,

Oakland Tribune (http://www.insidebayarea.com/oaklandtribune/localnews/ci_21917007/oakland-effect-child-sex-slavery-horrible-truth)

This is an excerpt from reporter Scott Johnson’s blog, which focuses on the effects of violence and trauma on the community.

Not long ago, I met with “K” — an 18-year old woman in East Oakland who, at the tender age of 12, was lured into the sex trade. In today’s parlance she was a victim of human trafficking, and, in particular, child sex slavery.

Over the years she was beaten down — psychologically as well as physically — a couple of times to within inches of her life, by a succession of brutal pimps. Once, when she was 14, she was kidnapped and held hostage by what’s known in Oakland as a “gorilla pimp” — a term that law enforcement often uses to describe the brutal men who beat their victims bloody, intimidate them into total submission, and sometimes kill them.

Over the last few weeks I’ve interviewed several of these women, in Oakland and elsewhere. K, for one, was smart, articulate and engaged. Both physically and in every other way she seemed possessed of a maturity far beyond her years. When she spoke about her years on Oakland’s “track” — the strip of International Boulevard where the vast majority of sex-trafficked girls ply their trade — it was with a sense of resignation and sadness, and a keen desire to escape. And she did try to escape, several times, to no avail. She always found herself back on the track.

Like many of the girls who have been kidnapped, K was pretty deeply traumatized. When she spoke about her experiences, she often sank into the details of her own narrative as if it were happening all over again. The late-night phone calls, the exact words exchanged, where the pimp struck when he lashed out at her to beat her, where exactly on her throat his hands landed when he tried to strangle her — all these details were vividly alive for her. At the end of the conversation, she was tired, understandably.

It is important that the wider world hear, and understand, what girls like K have gone through and what countless other millions of people continue to endure. Human trafficking is a huge industry, accounting for literally tens of billions of dollars in revenue across the globe each year. Its worst offenders are often to be found in East Asia and the former Soviet republics, but there is plenty of horror to be found domestically as well, including right here in California.

There are also people trying to bring attention to the issue through other means. One Oakland resident, Maria Nieto, a professor of biology at CSU East Bay, recently wrote a novel called Pig Behind the Bear, about the murder of Los Angeles journalist Ruben Salazar in the 1970s but, more centrally, about human trafficking. (Full disclosure: Nieto is a friend and neighbor of mine.)

As it happens, Nieto herself was a victim of human trafficking. As a child growing up in Los Angeles, a family member forced her into a for-profit pornography ring from the age of 4 to 11 where members took pictures and videos and sold them on the black market.

“I thought it was important to highlight this issue because it still isn’t talked about enough, and it’s such a pressing and important issue,” she told me recently. “I was a victim of sex exploitation as a child, so to write that story I had to revisit my past. I’m not any of the characters, per se, but it was a healing process to write that part into the story for me.”

A number of groups in the East Bay are working to bring more attention to this issue. And the victims are too many to count, and they are everywhere. In Nieto’s case, the principle offender received a two-year prison sentence. These days, sentences are longer, and people know more. But there is still much to be done.

“It affects our whole community,” Nieto says. “It’s so very damaging.”

Contact Scott Johnson at 510-208-6429 or scjohnson@bayareanewsgroup.com.

30 million people are thought to be in bondage worldwide

Human Trafficking (TV miniseries)
Human Trafficking (TV miniseries) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Human  trafficking globalized

Published: Dec. 4, 2012 at 1:36 PM
        By  Maggie Lee, UPI.com

ATLANTA, Dec. 4 (UPI) — The market for humans  for sex or forced labor is global say people who are calling for fixes on both  the supply and demand sides of the illicit trade.
Law enforcement is only part of the solution to the traffic in humans for sex or labor, said Rebecca Posey, director of the Not for Sale campaign in Georgia. She said some 30  million people are thought to be in bondage worldwide, more than at the height  of the Atlantic slave trade.
“What has to happen is a private sector response,” said Posey. “Because human trafficking is a business. It’s driven by markets. So markets ultimately have to be involved in solving this problem,” she  said at a conference last week in Atlanta.
The campaign, which has headquarters in California, works for socially responsible enterprises and has  helped set up fair-labor factories in Asia and South America. One of their partners is Levi’s, the clothing maker.
“We’re showing it can be done,” Posey said.
But forced labor happens, literally, everywhere, not just in sweatshops.
“Victims of trafficking can be anyone from around the world  or next door,” said Eskinder Negash, director of the U.S. government’s Office of Refugee Resettlement.
In the United States, the largest number of foreign adult and child victims of human trafficking for sex or labor came from Mexico, he said. Some are plainly visible as maids or busboys.
But, “I believe we will see a big focus from the administration on cleaning up supply chains,” he  added.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, which oversees his office, is responsible for helping foreign victims of human trafficking found in the United States.
Potential victims have to learn about demand too, according to Jennifer Swain, program manager of anti-child sex trafficking initiatives at youthSpark, an Atlanta non-profit organization.
“Pimps will talk to your child longer than you will. They will listen to your child longer than you will … and they will begin to groom that child,” she said.  That’s why education for kids and adults is part of her organization’s work.
The experts appeared during a panel discussion at the 2012 Global Peace Convention, an annual event that attracts activists and problem-solvers from a range of fields.
The convention is organized by the Global Peace Foundation. Foundation Chairman Preston Moon is chairman of the board of the ultimate holding company that owns United Press International.

Read more:  http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Special/2012/12/04/Human-trafficking-globalized/1091354646181/#ixzz2EBvQl1tb

Big Horn Medicine Wheel

English: The Bighorn Medicine Wheel is a medic...
English: The Bighorn Medicine Wheel is a medicine wheel located in the Big Horn Mountains of the U.S. state of Wyoming. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

click on the link:http://solar-center.stanford.edu/AO/tour.html

You will enjoy these photos – thank to my friend Robbie…..

It’s Time To Start Thinking About Water, Here’s How

I’m high in the mountains of Colorado right now.  How high?  Yesterday’s hike started at 10,200 feet above sea level!

It’s a good thing that I lost 40 + pounds by simply adopting a more resilient lifestyle and diet this spring, or I wouldn’t have been able to do anything (if people are interested, I’ll write more about what I did to lose that weight and get into shape so quickly).

One thing that you quickly learn about Colorado is: it’s dry here.  The high altitude desert literally sucks the water out of your body.  This dryness makes becoming resilient difficult.  Here’s a reason why.

Water is very expensive in Colorado.  A conversational comparison of water bills led to the estimate that it is already 6 times more expensive than it is in New England!  Wow.

Worse, there are frequent water bans that prevent any outside watering and outdated laws that prevent any rainwater or snowmelt harvesting.  This means that you won’t see DIY rainwater storage solutions in Colorado, like this simple yet elegant IBC tank system sent in by Bob in Central Queensland, Australia.



Fortunately, there are lots of solutions available.  The upcoming resilient communities “Water Abundance” report will provide many of those methods.  Here’s a little thinking in the meantime.

Dry Farming/Gardening and Simple Water Testing

What can you do?  Adapt, by learning to farm and garden without irrigation.

Here’s one example from the farmer, David Little.  He runs the “Little Organic Farm” on California’s coast.

By talking with the locally retired farming braintrust, he was able to learn enough to revive a dry farming technique that allows him to grow food without irrigation.

What is it?   Little describes the technique as a wet sponge covered with “cellophane.”

During the winter and spring rains he break up the soil, to allow as much water as possible to soak in.  How?  Starting as early as he can, he disks the soil multiple times to turn it into a sponge.

When the rain stops for the summer, he then goes over with a roller to create a 3-4 inches of “dust mulch” that seals in the water.  This mulch provides the seedlings with enough water for enough time to become established.

As with all dry farmed/gardened plants, the plants that survive have deeper and more resilient root systems and smaller (yet more flavorful) yields.

I’m sure there are more great ideas out there on dry land farming in our resilient brain-trust.

Water Testing

As we become more resilient, and global economic/environmental conditions worsen (become drier in many locations), an ever greater number of us will learn to produce our own water.

To do this safely, particularly if you’ve never done it before: get into the routine of testing your water.

What are you looking for?  Mostly, bacteria and nitrates.  Depending on where you live you should also test for lead, arsenic, pesticides, radon, excess chlorine, PH, radium, and more.

How do you test your water?

You can conduct a professional test, or you can use a simple DiY test kit (like this one from First Alert or Watersafe, although there are plenty of others to choose from).

Why should you test your water?   It’s simple.  When you capture or pump water for your own use, you need to routinely test the quality of the water just like the water department in any town or city.   Even if you don’t drink or bathe in this water, you should test it for corrosive chemicals that can damage your home’s piping and storage system.

It’s also smart to test it even if you rely upon town water.  Why?  We live in a world where water supplies and community budgets are under heavy pressure, which means that water quality may suffer.

Regardless, don’t dismay.  Adapt and prosper!

Your resilient ally,