Climate change region by region | Melting Glaciers | The Art of Blogging (with tips)

The Northern Great Plains is far from any ocean. Water melts off mountain snowpack, slowly trickles down glaciers**, and pools up in basins. The largely arid region is dominated by thirsty industries like agriculture, energy extraction, and tourism.  There’s a byzantine system of century-old water rights and competing interests.

Or as my dad, a Montana cattle rancher, puts it: “Whiskey is for drinking. Water is for fighting.”

Residents might want to steel themselves with a little bourbon as climate change will escalate those water woes, according to this report. Winters will end earlier and snow could decline as much as 25 to 40 percent in the mountainous regions.

It’s culturally critical, too:  The area is home to 27 federally recognized tribes that are already experiencing climate threats such as a lack of access to safe water and declining fisheries. …

“I am large. I contain multitudes,” Walt Whitman said of himself.  But he could have very well said it of the Southwest, where stretches of desert give way to soaring, snow-capped mountains.  Yet this might not be the case for long.

Climate change threatens all of this beautiful ecological diversity, as well as the 60 million people who call this area home, including 182 tribal nations.

In Alaska, water is life, life is shellfish, shellfish is power. But, alas, climate change is about to do a number on the state’s marine life, food webs, and species distributions. According to the climate assessment, ocean acidification is expected to disrupt “corals, crustaceans, crabs, mollusks,” as well as “Tanner and red king crab and pink salmon.”  Lots of indigenous peoples rely on that variety of marine life.

BIG READ: 2018: We broke down what climate change will do, region by region | Grist


wishing you and yours health wealth and happiness and more great blogging in 2012 (an old WP photo I used for my post)


Blogging as an art? Oh my, oh my.  Where do I begin? (This is another long post but trust me, it’s about you.)

In June I was cleaning up and deleting old posts and I was happy to reread many of my old posts but not a single person had read them.  WHAT? That’s perfectly fine.

Whoever came up with the idea of “postaday” was nuts.

I cannot believe “I” tried to blog something every single day.  Back then I was getting the hang of it, so to speak.  When I started this blog in 2011, I had very little knowledge of WP or what blogging could be.  It’s a practice, like writing or yoga or raising pigs.

When you start blogging, learn as you go. And I want to STRONGLY encourage new bloggers to keep at it.

Start with:  Pick a topic/theme you like. Write posts around news articles…. Use links, photos, and videos. (Like I did above)

The big lesson for me was social media, aka sharing blog posts.  It took me two (dreaded) years of blogging to find readers and keep them.  And that is what you must expect.  It takes time, maybe years. Just remember, you will find your niche and you will become a greater writer, photog, chef, poet, or whatever you choose to blog about, if you persist.

Writing about adoption and being adopted was the reason I chose to blog in the first place. (“When you have a book, you must have a blog.” I didn’t create that lovely saying… but yup, it’s true.)  In 2013/4 I was dedicated to research the topic of human trafficking.  (I even did a radio interview about this blog topic when trafficking was a neglected yet news-worthy topic.)  Not grabbing any new readers on that topic for this blog, that didn’t matter to me as much as I needed to learn about it –and was SADLY shocked at what I did learn.   FYI: I also dedicated many 2015 posts to orphanage asylums around the US.  Of course “adoptionland” (adoption controversy) is closely related to human trafficking.  (Those are categories I chose for this blog.)  And, I usually tie-in and write about Indian Country which is my career!

When I tell non-blog friends I blog, after I explain what it is and that it’s perhaps addicting to be a reader/writer, I tell them my LARA blog is for “serious writing.”  (Of course I admit I might have a disorder called ADHD and I secretly experiment making other blogs but don’t yell “bloody murder” when no one reads them.)

OK, but seriously, Bloggers, just remember— YOU get to pick your poison/passion/past-time.  That is the magic key to blogging.  Educate yourself on whatever the topic and new readers will find you!  Even if they don’t find you, (SEO will) and you will learn more than you dare to dream and YOU be a better blogger (and person) for it.  (If you are tech-minded read up on SEO/search engine optimization — very boring stuff…) (11 tips that you can use to optimize your blog posts for SEO (like a Pro).

There are so many great bloggers out there now.  REALLY!!  More than a few years ago I used WP Reader to find blog suggestions.  Today in 02019 I follow (280+) (OMG, that many?) way too many great blogs to keep up with and sometimes I have to choose which blog(s) to read every week.  I do get posts via email which keeps some order to my disorder.

Do not think I don’t care if I don’t read your blog every time. I am simply trying to keep up. I’m old now.

One of the wonders of blogging is you can find bloggers in other countries and learn a great deal from them.  It’s a huge blessing to learn about other parts of this world and what they care about, or write about and share. Google Translate will help you if they are using another language, so anyone, even you can explore the big bad blogworld.

Engaging with others (with comments, shares and reblogs) is truly the best way to blog (and make interesting new friends).  By way of a perfect example, I highly recommend my UK friend Pete who blogs at beetleypete –  he is one of the kindest bloggers in the world.  His excellent blog is about “The musings of a Londoner, now living in Norfolk.”  HERE.

Don’t be discouraged, new and tired bloggers.  Keep at it.  Change your template/theme occasionally.  Maybe get a domain name, once you settle on a theme or niche, and use social media to reach others…  then go wild with that Twitter button!  You may want to blog weekly… or monthly or daily.  But trust me, “daily” is very very hard and requires great skill and loads of research + deep thought + time. (And you will miss all your TV programs, trust me on that.)

(OH NO, I have violated my own rules with this post – it’s WAY TOO LONG!)   (Forgive me this time and all the other times. I will do better.) There are no rules — just the ones you make for yourself…

I made a blog “BLOG SCOUTS” when I was teaching blogging at the local community college. Make art and a logo for your blog – readers love it!

TIP: If you do give up, leave your blog up. You may come back to it. (Put up a “I’m on Hiatus” post and let it sit.)

TIP:  On WordPress,  go to the dashboard and under settings, go to the SHARING tab.  Add the PINTEREST button to your blog.  It will bring you many new readers… I love sharing your posts to Pinterest (and Twitter)… it helps visually if you use a featured (top) photo for each blog post! (I’m not on FB and don’t share there.)

TIP:  You don’t have to “Like” the post but do click LIKE anyway- this tells the blogger you were there. It’s like saying, “hi there blog bud…”

Why this post about glaciers and blogs??

This fall I am working with a poet who retired from glaciology, which is the scientific study of glaciers, or more generally ice and natural phenomena that involve ice.  Dr. Richard Cameron has traveled the planet and I can’t wait to share his poetry with the world.  I will help him publish his collection (then brag/blog about it).

Blogging (and writing) will be a colossal chore if you let it….  Don’t let it!

If you have a blogging question or just want to shoot the breeze, my email is:

p.s. UPDATE::: Healthwise…I’m following the KETO diet, kinda, but it’s more strict.  It’s working wonders and my new hormone cream is the bomb! Can you tell I’m feeling better? 🙂

My dear husband Herb has been in the hospital for a ruptured appendix – his surgery was a success on June 24 but they kept him a week. That was not fun at all.

And you can also use this neat thing (the contact form) to ask me something?



St. Pius X Mission Boarding School for Native children, Tlingit: People of the Tides

Pre-1887 – Skagua, as it is known by the Tlingit, meaning windy place, is used by Chilkoots and Chilkats for hunting and fishing. A few of these Native Americans settle in the quieter areas of Smuggler’s Cove, Nahku Bay and Dyea, head of the Chilkoot trail, a centuries-old Indian trading route becoming popular with early prospectors heading into the Yukon. In the 1880s, U.S. Navy and Army patrols establish federal presence in the area.

Tlinglit Region:

Taku River Tlingit Place Names
When you visit a place in our vast province or country, do you think about how that place was named? Has it ever occurred to you that perhaps the place had a name before European explorers and settlers arrived and gave it an English name. Many areas in our province had names before European newcomers renamed the places that were already known to Indigenous peoples.

In the most northwestern area of British Columbia, the Indigenous peoples are the Taku River Tlingit. The Taku River Tlingit are Tlingit peoples whose territory extends between British Columbia, Southern Yukon, and Southern Alaska. The word Tlingit can be translated to mean People of the Tides. Taku River Tlingit The Taku River Tlingit Place Names Map, has been created to bring awareness to the traditional Taku River Tlingit place names in the northwestern area of British Columbia.

St. Pius X Mission School
1931 – St. Pius X Mission is established in Skagway under the wing of beloved Father G. Edgar Gallant, who will operate the school for Native children from all over Alaska for almost 30 years.

Skagway, Alaska

Gold was discovered near Dawson in the Klondike in 1896, and the town of Skagway was founded in 1897 by Captain William Moore. With the influx of miners and prospectors heading for the Klondike, Skagway quickly became the most populated town in Alaska, with a population of 3,117 in 1900.

The first priest to visit Skagway was Father Paul Bougis SJ, from Douglas, Alaska (near Juneau). He arrived in the fall of 1897 and offered Mass in the homes of Catholic families that fall and the following spring. In August, 1898, Father Philibert Turnell SJ came to Skagway and established a mission. He made temporary arrangements to use the school for Sunday Masses, and his first Mass was offered on September 8, the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Three months later the Catholic community purchased a large empty store, converting it into a church and naming it St. Mark’s. The church was filled to capacity for the first Mass which was offered on Christmas Eve, 1898.

In March of 1918, Father Edgar Gallant was the first priest to be ordained in Alaska. His first assignment was Skagway, where he was to serve until 1959. Father Gallant’s first goal was to improve St. Mark’s Church. In 1932, with help from the Catholic Extension Society, he built St. Pius X Mission Boarding School for Native children. The school stood on the site of the present Garden City R.V. Park and was staffed by the Sisters of St. Ann of British Columbia. In November of 1946, the school burned to the ground, but was soon rebuilt and operated until 1959.

Francis Merrill Sulzman

Posted on Mar 16, 2010 in Alaska Natives
Father Sulzman came to Skagway in 1931 when Monsignor Gallant established the Saint Pius X Mission Home for Native children who were either orphans or from destitute families, staffed by the Sisters of Saint Ann. (That statement is pure propaganda…Trace)

The Mission was rebuilt in 1946, and operated until the 1960s.

Sulzman was born on this day, March 16, 1906 in Waterford New York and when he left here he joined the army and served as a chaplain in World War 2. He died in 1966 in Matanuska Alaska.

[from the Hugh F. McColl webpage at; and the oblatvs.blogspot]

Promoting Tsimshian Culture with Adoption into Clan

By Terrance H. Booth, Sr., Tsimshian Tribe

August 01, 2012 (SitNews) Metlakatla, Alaska – In August, Metlakatla celebrated its 125th anniversary and emerging cultural traditions are on the rise in this Alaska Native community founded in 1887.  The Tsimshians of Alaska have been learning of their Tsimshian culture by returning to their original homeland and learning songs and dances from their relatives of northern British Columbia.  What is needed among the Tsimshian Nation is maintaining our Tsimshian way of life, our Sm’algyax (our Tsimshian Language).

jpg Promoting Tsimshian Culture with Adoption into Clan

On August 10th Terrance H. Booth, Jr. gets clan adoption into the Wolf Clan, following the foot steps of his late Great great Grandfather, Adolphus Calvert of Metlakatla, Alaska.  Keeping alive the Wolf Clan of Metlakatla, Alaska.  He is Grandson to the late Ira C. Booth, Tsimshian Tribal Historian, Judge, fisherman/packer, boat builder, builder and influential tribal member of Metlakatla.

Great great Grandson of Adolphus Calvert, Neesh wil gum, of the Wolf Clan, born in Port Simpson, British Columbia has been learning, experiencing, and finding out on about late relatives especially on their clans and their “house’ that they belonged too.  All the behind the scene work, Terrance H. Booth, Jr. studies the true meeting of this adoption and has busied the proper way of putting his regalia together that reflects his three cultures within him being Tsimshian/ Pima/ Thono O’odham tribes and the Pima/Thono O’odham side his relatives doing a portion of his regalia.  Pima women elders of Gila River Indian Community gave him the name Eagleboy and he carries that proudly for it is highly incorporated within his artwork.

Terrance H. Booth, Jr. had the privilege of being in the presence of his late Grandfather, Ira C. Booth, Tsimshian Historian, Tribal Judge, boat builder, builder, and influential tribal member of Metlakatla, Alaska and was a great inspiration to his grandson giving many Tsimshian stories, history and the great leaders of the past of Metlakatla.  From his own relatives he gains and learns much from the people of Metlakatla.  He is an up and coming young man recent accomplishment thanks to Sealaska Heritage Institute both he and Kandi McGilton of Metlakatla were both hired to do pictures of Southeast Alaska Regalia that will displayed at Sealaska Heritage Institute and archived.

He has been artist participant with the Heard Museum, Phoenix, Arizona each March has an International Native Art show last one had over 600 Native Artist.  It is noted in his artwork he is highly influenced by the three cultures within him and more noted the Tsimshian influence.  His return to Metlakatla, Alaska his mentors and a former Tsimshian Art teacher, Mr. Jack Hudson who was Tsimshian art instructor for nearly 40 years in Annette Island School District, this writer thinks the only school district with a Master Native Art Instructor.  Terrance now is collaborating with is teacher/mentor to further perfect Tsimshian Art.  Terrance is now one of the Native Art Instructors putting his training and artwork to full use for future generation of Tsimshian Artists.

This adoption has full cultural meaning for his regalia from Pima side of his family all started with family prayer and four days of remembrance of his Pima Relatives.  He reflects on his three cultures within him and this clan adoption deeply roots him in the Tsimshian cultural ways and will make a marked impression upon his traditional way of life being among the Tsimshian people especially being among other noted Tsimshian Artists.

His exposure to other Southeast Alaska Natives; namely, Haida, Tlingit and Tsimshian will even have more of an impact upon the rich heritage of each of these tribes.  The adoption into the Wolf Clan (Laxgibuu) means to this family lies an awakening of being among the ancestors and reconnecting with our ancestors of the Tsimshian. To this writer and father it is an acknowledgement giving full remembrance to Tsimshian relatives keeping the Tsimshian traditions alive and maintaining the clans of our ancestors.  Along with the adoption is making or acquiring the gifts to give away as a remembrance to remember that we become keepers of our Tsimshian traditions and keeping our Tsimshian ways alive.

Proud family of Terrance H. Booth, Sr. he establishes his rightful place among the Tsimshian Peoples and keeps alive his Great great Grandfather’s Adolphus Calvert’s Clan alive.  His accomplishments will be more noted and he gets completely rooted into the Tsimshian traditional ways of life.

His Accomplishments:

  •  Artist – presenting Tsimshian/Pima/Thono O’odham Artwork at two Heard Museum Native Art shows.
  • The Cultural Center & Museum is located in Topawa, AZ. Presenter show casing his artwork
  • Art Work Featured on Fine Art
  • Pending Publication of “Sullivan Art Collection” 14th Edition, by Vicki and Ron Sullivan, Art collectors of Native Art work, Terrance traded and bartered for Pueblo Zuni Necklace and matching Earrings (both of pieces will be gifted at adoption celebration.
  • Hired at Annette Island School District as Native Graphic Art Instructor for school year 2011/12
  • Winning Tsimshian Artist for Annette Island School District, Elementary School creating a new school logo reflecting school is Tsimshian school.
  • Mentored under Mr. Jack Hudson for many years and now is collaborating with his teacher/mentor on art pieces making full use of his graphic arts training.

The use of the word ADOPTION is beautiful in this story – it’s one of inclusion. Those of us who were adopted out of our tribes need to be re-adopted back in…Trace/Lara